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Country Office Overview Partners Media Center

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini and South Africa to the southwest. It is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city is Maputo).

After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the Mozambique’s. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections, and has since remained a relatively stable presidential republic, although it still faces a low-intensity insurgency.

Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country’s economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry is growing, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, and aluminium and petroleum production. The tourism sector is also expanding. South Africa is Mozambique’s main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment, while Belgium, Brazil, Portugal, and Spain are also among the country’s most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique’s annual average GDP growth has been among the world’s highest. However, the country is still one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world, ranking low in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality, and average life expectancy.

The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half the population. Common native languages include Makhuwa, Sena, and Swahili. The country’s population of around 26 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people

Issues Affecting Children in Mozambique

More than 12 million of Mozambican are children, 52% of the country’s population

Mozambican Children are faced with many challenges that threaten their overall wellbeing

Mozambique has the 8th highest prevalence in the world. 11.5% of 15 to 49 years-old are HIV positive.

Child Marriages
1 in every 2 girls is married before the age of 18 in Mozambique. This put children at high risk of abuse, causes drop out of schools and high rate of adolescent pregnancy and high risk of death for both mother and baby.

An impressive increase in access to education has been observed since 2014, especially primary education, however still half of children who start primary education do not finish it. Equally there have been high concerns about learning equality.

Poverty has been appointed as one of the main determinant of child vulnerability. More than half of country’s population still live below poverty line of 18 MT per day. Less than half a dollar. This is seen as a key factor in the deprivations that children suffer. Since 2000, poverty appears to be declaiming more slowly that it might be expected in a context of rapid economic growth. Poverty influences access to services essential to the wellbeing of children.